Climate

Climate describes what the average of weather will be over a period of time. It will include not just the mean, but the variability and extremes, as these can have big impacts.  Climate is usually defined for different seasons or months, and averaged over a period of 30 years – currently the period 1971-2000 is used.  So we might read for a particular place that “The average maximum temperature in July is 25°C, with typically 2 days hotter than 30°C”, or “The average rainfall for June is a total of 35mm, with 10 days of no rain and 3 days where rainfall is more than 5mm”.

Here you can explore some of the UK’s most established climatological data sets and related climate statistics produced by the UK’s National Climate Information Centre.